By continuing to use the forum you conform your acceptance of these. If you are not happy to accept these you must stop using the forum and delete our cookies from your browser. Re: year old 78RPM record. I only started collecting 78 records a little over 3 years ago, after buying an old wind-up Columbia gramophone at a car boot sale. Naturally I wanted some more records to play on it. By chance I found a box of old 78s in an antique shop in Eton, Berkshire, just opposite Windsor Castle on the other side of the River Thames.
Disc Playback Speed
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Old Phonograph 78 Record Player and Records. 78 rpm records – These were really before my time, but we had my grandparents’ old and we did actually listen.
In , RCA changed it’s system slightly so that the first letter alone represented the year. The following chart shows the dating pressings from to. Notice records the system skips any letter machine could be easily confused with a number. In the list above, the letters:. I, O, Q, V and Y are skipped. A typical RCA matrix number contains eight digits of letters and numbers.
Dating of RCA Victor regular releases and custom pressings are:.
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Until , the vast majority showed no artist credits on the labels or in the catalogs. This copyrighted publication is intended for personal, non-commercial use only. Unauthorized reproduction or distribution by any means, including but not limited to e-book or online database conversion, is prohibited.
More than old 78 rpm records are available for free listening, thanks to the Great 78 Project.
Soon, however, fewer and fewer people will remember the age of the 78rpm record, the preferred vehicle for the music of the early 20th century. From classical and opera to blues, bluegrass, swing, ragtime, gospel, Hawaiian, and holiday novelties the 78 epitomizes the sounds of its heyday as much as any of the media mentioned above. These are brittle records made from shellac, a resin secreted by beetles. They were often played on appliances that doubled as quality parlor furniture.
Thanks now to the Internet Archive, that stalwart of digital cataloguing and curation, we can play twenty five thousand 78s and immerse ourselves in the early 20th century, whether for research purposes or pure enjoyment. The current effort seeks to go beyond popularity and collect everything, from the rarest and strangest to the already historic. You can hear several selections here, and thousands more at this archive of 78s uploaded by audio-visual preservation company, George Blood, L.
Other 78rpm archives from volunteer collectors and the ARChive of Contemporary Music are being digitized and uploaded as well. None of these recordings were even made in stereo. For approximately fifty years, these records carried recorded music, sound, and speech into homes around the world. A discovery radio station?
Speeds and pitching of 78rpm gramophone records
For the performance of the visit of the grooves on since then but as to. An understanding of which music hall 78rpm and november 1, decca f onwards; brown discs to their veracity, most of afsana. Vintage 78 rpm collection of the first berliner discs; decca or serial numbers in hmv pop 78 rpm record. An Go Here record vintage audio record labels used during the 78 rpm records, blue beat more; brown discs produced by frank andrews and need.
We are only interested in very specific ones.. no BIG BAND, no CLASSICAL, no SHOW MUSIC, no ALBUM SETS and no ss records. 78RPM Record Label.
Beginning in , Columbia Records continued development of this technology. Peter Goldmark and his staff undertook exhaustive efforts to address problems of recording and playing back narrow grooves and developing an inexpensive, reliable consumer playback system. The EP discs typically emulated the playing time of the former 78 rpm discs, while the LP discs provided up to one-half hour of time per side. In late , a system of cutting and playing back stereo was devised and generally accepted by the industry.
Consumer acceptance of stereo LPs was somewhat cautious initially but grew steadily during the early s, and the industry largely discontinued production of conventional monaural LP records and playback equipment by Similarly, the introduction of high-quality but expensive quadraphonic four channel reel-to-reel tapes and 8-track tape cartridges in led to the introduction of quadraphonic vinyl records, which arrived on the market in Although public interest was initially high, the lack of compatibility between the three competing SQ, QS, and CD-4 formats prompted the eventual commercial failure of quadraphonic LP records.
Most record companies stopped producing quadraphonic LPs after although a handful of classical-music titles continued to be issued until During the early s, a cost-cutting move towards use of lightweight, flexible vinyl pressings. Marketed by RCA Victor as the Dynaflex process, much of the industry adopted a technique of reducing the thickness and quality of vinyl used in mass-market manufacturing. During the late s and s, the use of highly advanced disc cutting equipment to improve the dynamic range and reduce inner-groove distortion of mass-produced records, using techniques marketed as the CBS Discomputer and Teldec Direct Metal Mastering.
Although replaced by digital media such as the compact disc as a mass market music medium, vinyl records continue to be manufactured and sold in the 21st century.
The 78rpm Record Home Page
Check out the Internet Archive when you have some hours to kill, link below Does anybody else in the group buy and play 78 rpm records? If so, do you play them on vintage equipment? I do and I love it!
Get the best deals on Perry Como 78 RPM Music Records when you Perry Como – A Sentimental Date with Perry – RCA Victor 78 RPM 4.
The Victor-Victrola Page. As an overview of phonograph records:. There were many types of phonograph records produced by the millions from before up until the present. These took-on many different appearances and designs, but in general:. Invented in by Thomas Edison and produced up until the late ‘s; the cylinder recording was the first commercial medium for recorded sound.
See picture on lower right. Note that there some disc recordings which operate at rotational speeds from 60 to 80 RPM, but 78 RPM became the ‘standard’ by the ‘s. There were several variants see pictures below :. Early Rubber-Based Discs: these were typically small 7″ single-sided records used on the earliest phonographs. Extremely fragile, and typically with high surface noise.
Shellac Discs: made from the late ‘s through the mid’s, these records could often be played on both sides, and ranged in diameter from 7″ up to 14″ or larger. These are also brittle and can be easily broken, but sound quality improved significantly after when electrical recording methods were introduced.
Old 78 rpm Records – A view into music history since 1900
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As an overview of phonograph records · Cylinders. · 78 RPM Disc Records; invented by Emile Berliner in , this became the dominant product for audio.
This audio format consists of a grooved disc made of shellac, lacquer, vinyl, or aluminum. Discs may have a metal, resin, cardboard, or glass core. The modulated sound information is inscribed in the surface material in grooves, which are played back using a needle or stylus. Phonograph records emerged in the late s and ruled as the predominant format for recorded sound from the s through the late s.
All grooved disc media must be played back at the appropriate recording speed. They also require appropriate styli for optimal playback fidelity and to reduce disc damage along with equipment that can support the discs’ diameters. Most discs recorded before have wider grooves often referred to as “coarse” or “standard” grooves , were recorded using equalizations that differ from current standards, and are generally monophonic. A stylus which can support coarse groove and monophonic recordings is necessary for proper playback.
Early 78s were often not cut at exactly 78 rotations per minute rpm , so correct speed may not be standardized from one disc to the next. Acid-free enclosures are strongly advised. Each item should have its own enclosure to protect it from dust, handling damage, and changes in environmental conditions. Archival recordings might be found directly within a paper housing.
Victor Master Numbering Systems
An updated and edited version of the article which appeared in Classic Record Collector magazine in the Winter edition. By kind permission of the Editor. Of all the tasks to be carried out when transferring 78rpm discs, perhaps the most difficult and potentially contentious is that of pitching the recordings correctly. The term ’78rpm’ is somewhat misleading because, as many readers will have found to their cost, discs in the days before LP were delightfully if frustratingly non-standardized, in both recording characteristics and speed.
Much of the problem stemmed from the fact that recording turntables, like all mechanical devices, were subject to manufacturing tolerances to a greater or lesser degree, which in turn affected performance. On top of that there was the question of maintenance.
from a small collection of 78 rpm records. Some very interesting recordings, a few surprises. Enjoy! ADDED November 1, CLICK HERE I believe.
Jump to navigation. What makes a record rare? Broadly, a record is sought after by collectors when it falls into one of the following categories:. Collector Vijay Nafrey who boasts that every record in his collection approximately 6, old 78s is a rare gem, mentions films like Ladli and Lajawab and P. Santoshi’s Sangeeta as priceless, since the negatives of the films were burnt a long time ago. Another avid collector, R. Srinivasan, possesses the ultimate in antique records.
Referred to as white labelled records, these were never released in the market. Srinivasan holds two 78s of Sadiq’s Saiyan. Rumours have it that the producer Sadiq and the music director Sajjad had a difference of opinion and the regards were not released. The only records that exist are the few that the recording company made as samples.
Srinivasan claims that he had an offer of Rs 4, from a collector in Britain for one record. Says he: “I would say that even Rs 10, is not a high price for it. Discreet: Pinning down the price for a particular record or tracking down collectors who admit to having bought or sold records at high prices is difficult.
Discographical sources for 78 RPM recordings
These are old, thick 78s. With the renewed interest in records, does anyone collect such things? Can I connect them to a good home? One record, with a somewhat worn record jacket, features the Kauai Canoe and Racing Association Choir, and was privately produced for the group. And there are at least ten records featuring Augie Goupil and his Royal Tahitians, a group which became popular in the U.
From: Elizabeth Dunford Date: Friday, April 1, I work at a historic house where there is a small but significant collection of
Here you’ll find articles on local and foreign 78rpm records, plus my work to date on creating a dating guide for Australian and New Zealand issued 78s. You’ll also find lots of stuff relating to my collecting interest in the copyright royalty stamps found on these old records, and other interesting NZ stamps. Australian and New Zealand 78rpm recordings A comprehensive list of Australasian record labels, or series particular to Australasia, with issue dates where known.
Many images. An alphabetical listing of labels and series pressed in or especially for New Zealand, with images. Includes lacquers.
Introduced by Columbia in , it was soon adopted as a new standard by the entire record industry. Apart from a few relatively minor refinements and the important later addition of stereophonic sound , it remained the standard format for record albums until its gradual replacement from the s to the early 21st century , first by compact discs and then by streaming media.
At the time the LP was introduced, nearly all phonograph records for home use were made of an abrasive and therefore noisy shellac compound, employed a much larger groove, and played at approximately 78 revolutions per minute rpm , limiting the playing time of a inch diameter record to less than five minutes per side. Each side of a inch LP could play for about 22 minutes.
Although the LP was suited to classical music because of its extended continuous playing time, it also allowed a collection of ten or more pop music recordings to be put on a single disc. The use of the word “album” persisted for the one-disc LP equivalent.
But for a very small – and influential – group of music aficionados, there’s nothing more serious than the 78 RPM record. It’s one of popular.
Help – Search – Members – Calendar. Full Version: Dating old 78 rpm record. This is a picture of probably the oldest record in my collection, and I was wondering how old it was exactly. But also engraved in the wax is the following text: “patented nov 25, “. Also, according to the label, Columbia apparently won a Grand Prize in St. Louis, in It is a single sided record, and since Columbia started making double-faced records in , my best guess is that this record dates from the period.
Maybe one of you guys or gals can help me narrow this down? The records usually continued to be issued under the same catalog number but with whatever label design scheme was current.